Extremement RARE et IMPORTANTE EFFIGIE d'OURS…

Lot 127
50 000 - 80 000 €

Extremement RARE et IMPORTANTE EFFIGIE d'OURS…

Extremement RARE et IMPORTANTE EFFIGIE d'OURS Mimbres, Nouveau Mexique vers 1 300 apres J.-C.
Gres et pigments
Hauteur: 9 cm; Longueur: 12,5 cm
Taille dans le gres, cet ours se porte sur quatre courtes pattes. Corps rond, lisse, sans detail apparent, afin de laisser l'importance a la tete et au cou. Une tabletta surplombe ce cou epais. Ajouree, en escaliers symetriques et percee en son sommet sur la partie superieure, elle souligne la tete en un arc de cercle en sa partie inferieure. Les oreilles, tout comme la queue, sont peu marquees, mais presentes. Les yeux sont manifestes par de simples cavites ovales - probablement incrustees autrefois de petites pierres dures. Le museau suit la meme technique de representation. Gueule ouverte, quatre dents sont apparentes, des traces de pigments bruns rouge sont visibles. La tabletta est detachee du corps et comporte un orifice permettant d'incerer une offrande (probablement des plumes d'aigle).
Notre ours denote la grand habilete du sculpteur qui a su de ce monolithe degager et ajourer la tabletta.
Provenance: Ancienne collection de Monsieur Richard S. Graham. ‘To whom it may concern: The white clay or sandstone Indian artifact which appears to be a bear with a half circle belonged to my family residing in Silver City, new Mexico. I am not certain of the origin but it has been in the family since the early 1930's or possibly earlier. It is probable that it originated in this area and was given to my family.” Jean S. Graham, 26/05/1998
Historique: Trouvee aux ruines de Swarts, Silver City, Vallee Mimbres Nouveau Mexique
Bibliographie: Une effigie fo est reproduite pour illustrer la couverture d'El Palacio, ‘Mongollon - Mimbres Figurines Fiesta and Indian artists exhibitions comments on Mexican-Southwestern Architectural parallels», Sept.-Oct. 1956, Vol.63, N°9-10 ou les pages 268 et 269 indiquent:' The second Black Moutain stone bear is quite remarkable; it is a splendid example of prehistoric aboriginal sculpturing. It is 67/8” long, 43/4” high, and 33/8” wide. Considerable effort must have gone into the making of this effigy. It was shaped by cutting, rubbing, and abrading. A terrace was carved over the back in the shoulder region. Great care was expended in shaping the mouth and teeth, as well as in working other body features. The effigy had been further embellished by the addition of fugitive red and black paint, placed in bands or stripes along the body, from head to buttocks. We may assume, therefore, because of the quality of sculpturing (the dorsal terrace, the facial treatment, adddition of paint, etc.), that this piece was used for a special purpose, probably ceremonial.”
Des effigies similaires sont illustrees dans les ouvrages suivants:
- Harold S. Gladwin, Emil W. Haury, E.B. Sayles et Nora Gladwin, Excavations at Snaketown: Material Culture, Tucson, University of Arizona Press, 1965, planche LXII.
- Paul H. Nesbitt, The Ancient Mimbrenos: Based on Investigations at the Mattocks Ruin Mimbres Valley New Mexico, The Logan Museum Bulletin, N°4, p.86-87, planche 36.
- J. Walter Fewkes, “Number 10” in Archeology of the Lower Mimbres Valley, New Mexico, Washington, The Smithsonian Institution, 1914, p.21, fig. 8-10.
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